Rogue waves (also known as freak waves, monster waves, episodic waves, killer waves, extreme waves, and abnormal waves) are unusually large, unpredictable, and suddenly appearing surface waves that can be extremely dangerous to ships, even to large ones. They are distinct from tsunamis, which are often almost unnoticeable in deep waters and are caused by the displacement of water due to other phenomena (such as earthquakes). A rogue wave appearing at the shore is sometimes referred to as a sneaker wave.
In addition to the literary giallo tradition, early gialli were also influenced by the German "krimi" films of the early 1960s. Produced by Danish/German studio Rialto Film, these black-and-white crime movies based on Edgar Wallace stories typically featured whodunit mystery plots with a masked killer, anticipating several key components of the giallo movement by several years and despite their link to giallo author Wallace, though, they featured little of the excessive stylization and gore which would define Italian gialli.
Bava followed The Girl Who Knew Too Much the next year with the stylish and influential Blood and Black Lace (1964). It introduced a number of elements that became emblematic of the genre: a masked stalker with a shiny weapon in his black-gloved hand who brutally murders a series of glamorous fashion models. Though the movie was not a financial success at the time, the tropes it introduced (particularly its black-gloved killer, provocative sexuality, and bold use of color) would become iconic of the genre."
Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/CI Lab Download Options 3840x2160 jpeg (2.8 MB) 1920x1080 png (2.0 MB) 1024x576 jpeg (101.0 KB) Right click images to download them if they automatically display in your browser. This illustration shows the hot, dense, expanding cloud of debris stripped from the neutron stars just before they collided. This cloud produces the kilonova's visible and infrared light. Within this neutron-rich debris, large quantities of some of the universe's heaviest elements were forged, including hundreds of Earth masses of gold and platinum. Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/CI Lab Download Options 3840x2160 quicktime (888.0 MB) 59.94 fps ProRes version for Video Editors 3840x2160 60.0 fps Frames: Shot2 3840x2160 png (8.9 MB) Still Image 1920x1080 png (2.0 MB) Still Image 1024x576 jpeg (108.0 KB) Still Image Right click movies to download them if they automatically play in your browser. After the neutron stars merged, the remains of the jets that produced the gamma-ray burst continue expanding into space, as shown in this illustration. After nine days, the jet directed toward us had spread laterally enough that observers could detect its X-ray emission.Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/CI Lab Download Options 3840x2160 mpeg-4 (178.2 MB) 29.97 fps 3840x2160 mpeg-4 (77.5 MB) 29.97 fps 3840x2160 quicktime (2.7 GB) 29.97 fps ProRes version for Video Editors 3840x2160 png (13.8 MB) Still Image 1024x576 jpeg (32.0 KB) Still Image Right click movies to download them if they automatically play in your browser. This animation shows the shrinking orbit and explosive merging of two neutron stars, immediately followed by the eruption of powerful jets (orange) and then expanding shock waves where the jets plow into surrounding material (pink structures at the tip of each jet). The animation then shows the kilonova, the neutron-rich debris of the explosion (depicted by the expanding and flattened blue spheres) powered by the decay of newly forged radioactive elements. The jets emit gamma rays, the shock wave glows in X-rays and the kilonova produces ultraviolet light.Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/CI LabMusic: "Exploding Skies" from Killer TracksComplete transcript available. 2b1af7f3a8